Burford Down

Copyright: Tom Bullock. From “Stone Circles… and stone rows – Photographic Tours”. Published on CD

Location

England     Devon     Dartmoor     SX 6369 6016     Lat 50.42541185   Long -3.920332943

 

Simplified plan of the Burford Down stone alignment (Source: Butler, J.,1993).

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 508m
No. of stones: 99 Size of stones: Small, medium and large
Orientation: 178° Altitude: 267m
Upper end: Cairn Lower end:  Pillar
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context: Prehistoric settlement, stone row and cairns
Notes

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: Yes

Identification

Category: Plausible. No doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row.


Photographs

The photographs below are in a north to south sequence with the first ones being from the northern end and the final ones from the south. The grid reference for the postion of the 1m high ranging rod are cited to provide further locational information.

The northern end of the row at SX 63708 60631. View from east.

Looking southward along the row.

Plymouth Sound is visible from the northern end of the row and disappears from view at SX 63706 60592. 

Stone at SX 63705 60621. View from the south.

View of Plymouth Sound from SX 63705 60611.  As you proceed south along the row Plymouth Sound becomes increasingly visible to start with before slowly shrinking and disappearing from view at SX 63706 60592.

Stones in the vicinity of SX 63705 60611. View from the south.

At SX 63705 60611 four large cairns are visible on the skyline on Butterdon Hill. 

Small stone at SX 63706 60575. View from south.

As you proceed south up the hill Plymouth Sound slowly disappears behind rising ground. View from SX 63707 60553.

A pair of stones at SX 63707 60553. View from south east.

A large stone at SX63705 60521 measures 0.85m high. View from south east.

Stone at SX 63708 60502. View from south.

The four cairns on the Butterdon Hill skyline viewed from SX 63708 60502. 

Small stone at SX 63706 60470. View from south.

A pair of tiny stones at SX 63707 60448. View from south.

Stone at SX 63707 60443. View from south.

 

Stone at SX 63707 60435 barely protruding through the turf. View from south.

Stones at SX 63705 60409. View from the south.

A pair of upright stones at SX 63705 60409. View from the north west.

Tiny stone at SX 63706 60393. View from south.

Small stone at SX 63707 60386. View from south.

Upright stone at SX 63705 60372. View from west.

Stone nearly hidden by gorse growth at SX 63706 60355. View from south.

Stone at SX 63706 60341.  View from south.

Stone at SX 63706 60327.  View from south.

Stones at SX 63704 60321. View from west.

Stones at SX 63704 60299. View from south west.

A length of the row at SX 63704 60299. View from south.

A length of the row at SX 63704 60299. View from south.

A length of the row at SX 63704 60299. View from north.

A length of the row at SX 63704 60285. View from south.

A length of the row at SX 63703 60278. View from south.

A length of the row at SX 63703 60278. View from south.

A length of the row at SX 63703 60268. View from south.

A length of the row to the north of SX 63703 60268. View from south.

Stone at SX 63705 60259 stands 0.9m high. In the middle distance is Tristis Rock with Butterdon Hill beyond. View from west.

View from SX 63705 60259 looking towards Tristis Rock with Butterdon Hill cairns beyond. View from west.

Stone row at SX 63703 60243. View from north.

Stone row at SX 63703 60243. View from south.

The sinuous form of the stone row at SX 63702 60244 is clearly discernible in this photograph. View from north.

Stone row at SX 63705 60238. A sea view towards the south appears at this point. View from south.

Stone row at SX 63705 60225. View from south.

The sinuous form of the row at SX 63705 60225 is obvious. View from south. 

The row at SX 63703 60216 approaching the kerbed cairn at the top (southern) end. The landscape and sea view previously hidden by raising ground is now apparent. View from north.

Two large recumbent orthostats denote the southern end of the row. The largest measures 1.5m long by 0.55m wide and protrudes 0.2m above the ground surface. The largest stones in a row are often found at the upper end. View from north east.

Part of the kerb of the cairn at the top of the row. The row can be seen leading into the far distance. View from south.

Best preserved length of the row viewed from the kerbed cairn at the southern end of the row.

Nearby cairn with cist at SX 63780 60163 forms part of the prehistoric context for this row. View from west with Tristis Rock in the background.

Nearby cairn with cist at SX 63780 60163 forms part of the prehistoric context for this row. View from west with Tristis Rock in the background.

Access Information

Very limited car parking is available at SX 62102 60910. Care should be taken to ensure that the highway is not restricted and access to the adjacent field is not obstructed. From here walk eastward up the lane and follow the footpath to the Erme Valley to SX 63582 61142. From here head south to the row passing the Stalldown SE stone row on the way.

Online Resources

Megalithic Portal     Modern Antiquarian     PastScape     Historic Environment Record

Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor     Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks     Sea Views

Other References

Burl, A., 1993, From Carnac to Callanish – The prehistoric rows and avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale University Press, New York and London, pg. 214.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 4 – The South-East, Devon Books Exeter, pgs. 58-60.

 

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