Stalldown, South East

Looking south along the row (Scale 1m).

Location

England     Devon     Dartmoor     SX 6375 6107     Lat 50.4336051   Long -3.919819568

 

Plan of Stalldown, SE stone row (Source: survey by Sandy Gerrard and Janet Daynes at 1:200). Recumbent stones are highlighted in green.

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 21m
No. of stones: 7 Size of stones: Small and medium
Orientation: 10° Altitude: 273m
Upper end: – Lower end: –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context:  Cairns, stone row and prehistoric settlement
Notes:

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: Yes

Interpretation

Category: Probable. This line of seven stones seems to be artificial and certainly looks like a stone row.  The proximity of a number of small cairns further enhances this interpretation as does the visual relationship with Plymouth Sound. The stones however lies between two reaves (prehistoric boundary banks) and close to other boundaries. The possibility of this feature being an unfinished or partly robbed field boundary cannot therefore be wholly discounted.

Photographs

Looking southward along the row (Scale 1m).

View from the north (Scale 1m).

View from the south (Scale 1m).

View from the west (Scale 1m).

One of the nearby cairns. View from south west (Scale 1m). The presence of the cairns enhances the liklihood that the stones represent the remains of a stone row.

Individual Stones

Plan of  Stalldown SE stone row showing the position of the numbered stones shown below.

Stone 1

Stone 1 measures 1.06m long by 0.39m wide, stands up to 0.52m high and is orientated at 310°. View from west (Scale 1m).

View from north of Stone 1 (Scale 1m).

Stone 2

Stone 2  measures 1.14m long by 0.70m wide, stands up to 0.53m high and is orientated at 113°. View from north west (Scale 1m).

Stone 2 in the foreground and Stone 1 beyond.  View from south (Scale 1m).

Stone 3

Stone 3 measures 0.46m long by 0.16m wide, stands up to 0.29m high and is orientated at 9°. View from south. Stones 1 and 2 are visible in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 4

Stone 4 measures 0.48m long by 0.23m wide, stands up to 0.16m high and is orientated at 5°. View from south with stones 1 – 3 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 5

Stone 5 measures 0.49m long by 0.24m wide, stands up to 0.06m high and is orientated at 235°. View from south east with Stones 3 and 4 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 6

Stone 6 measures 0.52m long by 0.44m wide, stands up to 0.30m high and is orientated at 265°. View from east (Scale 1m).

View from south of Stone 6 (Scale 1m). 

Stone 7

Stone 7 measures 0.75m long by 0.33m wide, is level with the ground surface and is orientated at 270°

Sea Views

The stone row has sea views along its entire length. However, it is built across the limit of visibility to Plymouth Sound.  Plymouth Sound is not visible from the upper part of the row but is visible from the lower part.

Plymouth Sound is only visible from the lower (southern) length of the row. View from Stone 7.

This combination of sea views including a pair of “stacked” sea views is likely to have been significance to the row builders. The fact that this vista only appears as you walk down (south) the length of a fairly short row is further powerful evidence for a visual link between rows and the landscape in which they were erected. The cummulative evidence from the rows indicates that they were carefully and precisely positioned to visually interact with the landscape and where available – the seascape.  Visual setting was clearly important to the row builders and it is a great pity that this fundamental element has been lost at many sites. 

Access Information

Following closure of the New Waste car park very limited parking is available at SX 62100 60913. From here walk up the road to SX 62784 61273 and follow the footpath to the right to SX 63560 61141. From here it is a short walk downslope to the row.

Online Resources 

Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor

Other References

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 4 – The South-East, Devon Books Exeter, pg.41.

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