Lluest Uchaf

View from the south west (© Sophie Smith) 

A single stone row measuring 8.9m long, including at least 12 large, medium and small-sized stones originally standing up to 0.92m high, situated on a north east facing terrace. The row is orientated north to south and there are several broadly contemporary cairns in the immediate vicinity. A very precise view towards Cadair Idris is noteworthy and this combined with views of Breidden and Moel y Golfa imply astronomical links.


Wales Powys Mid Wales SO 00060 98305
Lat 52.57332651   Long -3.47616492

Map showing the location of Lluest Uchaf stone row.

Plan of Lluest Uchaf stone row (Source: survey at 1:100 by Sandy Gerrard). Recumbent stones are highlighted green.


Type: Single Length: 8.9m
No. of stones: 12 Size of stones: Small, medium and large
Orientation: 175° Altitude: 459m
Upper end: – Lower end: –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: No
Context:  Cairns

Other Information

Public Access:  Adjacent to a public foot path
Land Status:
Scheduled Ancient Monument: MG276


Category: Plausible. No doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row.


This stone row is of Type S6. Information on this form of stone row and other rows of this type is available here.


View from the south west (Scale 1m).

View from the south east (Scale 1m).

View from north west (Scale 1m).

View from SSE (Scale 1m).

The row has extensive views to the east. View from south west (Scale 1m).

Compared to some rows the stones are spaced relatively close together. View from the south west.

Looking north along the row (Scale 1m).

Individual Stones

Plan showing the position of the numbered stones.

Stone 1 measures 0.70m long by 0.38m wide, now stands 0.76m high, but would have originally stood 0.92m high and is leaning to the west. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 2 (beside the ranging rod) measures 0.58m long by 0.33m wide and stands up to 0.16m high. Stone 3 (on the right) measures 0.56m long by 0.45m wide and stands up to 0.43m high. There is a small packing stone on the north. Stone 1 is on the left. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 4 measures 0.70m long by 0.40m wide and stands up to 0.17m high. Stone 5 measures 0.24m long by 0.10m wide and stands up to 0.24m high. Stone 6 measures 0.35m long by 0.14m wide and stands up to 0.64m high. Stone 7 measures 0.34m long by 0.10m wide, stands up to 0.30m high and maybe a packing stone. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stones 4 – 7. View from south (Scale 1m).

Stones 3 – 7. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 8 (to right of ranging rod) measures 0.53m long by 0.17m wide and 0.13m high.

Stone 9 measures 0.43m long by 0.27m wide and stands up to 0.22m high. Stone 10 measures 0.23m long by 0.19m wide and stands up to 0.33m high. Stone 11 measures 0.35m long by 0.17m wide and stands up to 0.12m high. Stone 12 measures 0.34m long by 0.12m wide and stands up to 0.47m high. View from west (Scale 1m).

The northern end of the row. View from the south east (Scale 1m).

Stones 9 – 12. View from south (Scale 1m).

The four northern stones. View from north west (Scale 1m).


A mound of stones 14m north of the northern end of the row at SO 00057 98327 may represent the remains of a cairn although a slight hollow on its western edge may indicated that it is a prospecting pit dump. View from north west (Scale 1m).

A low stoney mound at SO 00051 98336 may represent a broadly contemporary cairn. View from west (Scale 1m).

A pair of mounds a short distance north of the row may represent broadly contemporary cairns. View from south.

Landscape Comment

A very precise visual link with Cadair Idris was identified during the field visit. Cadair Idris is visible through a small notch in a nearby ridge from Stones 1, 2 and 3 only.  The row is therefore built across the limit of visibility to Cadair Idris and the precision of this view means that it is extremely unlikely to be a coincidence.  Cadair Idris is at an angle of 298° from stone 1 and therefore it is also possible that at or around the Summer Solstice the sun also sets at this point. For those of you interested in the astronomical aspects of the rows this might be worth checking out. Taken together with the signficant number of other rows where precise visual links have been observed the accumulated evidence provides a powerful case that the rows were very carefully positioned to incorporate specific links to special places and this in turn provides an insight into what was important to their builders. Whilst the details of the activities can only ever be speculated about it is possible to be confident that special places in the landscape formed the focus.

Cadair Idris is visible to the naked eye sitting in a notch in a nearby ridge. View from stone 1.

Cadair Idris is visible only from stones 1, 2 and 3. View from stone 1.

 Whilst a zoom lens has been used to capture this image, Cadair Idris is clearly visible with the naked eye.

Breidden and Moel y Golfa

These very distinctive hills are visible from the row at an angle of 63º. This means that when viewed from the top of the row, the sun will probably rise between these hills on the same day as it sets over Cadair Idris. Sadly, I do not the expertise to prove this idea, but if further work demonstrates this to be the case this would provide strong evidence that at least some of the rows had both skyscape and landscape influences and of course we know from elsewhere that seascape was also of significance to these people. Whilst the rows will inevitably remain enigmatic it is becoming clearer that they were carefully positioned to embrace a myriad of  special or significant places and perhaps events.

The distinctive hills of Bredden and Moel y Golfa may have been incorporated into the activities at Lluest Uchaf stone row.

Access Information

Very limited car parking is available at SO 01184 97072. From here head north along the narrow road and footpath to SO 00349 97987. From this point the foorpath is severly overgrown and an alternative route involves headomg west to the access land and joining another footpath at SO 00034 97917. From here follow the footpath to the row.

Online Resources 

Megalithic Portal     Modern Antiquarian     Coflein     Archwilio


VISITED:- 25th August 2018

FIRST PUBLISHED:- 12th February 2016

LAST UPDATED:- 29th October 2018

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