Stalldown

Stalldown

The southern length of the alignment.

Location

England     Devon     Dartmoor      SX 63223 62558     Lat 50.44679328   Long -3.92781874

 

Stalldown plan

Simplified plan of the Stalldown stone row. Upright stones shown black and recumbent red                    (Source: Butler, J., 1993, 61 and fieldwork).

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 859m
No. of stones: 119 Size of stones: Medium and large
Orientation: 1° Altitude: 404m
Upper end: Cairn? Lower end: Cairn?
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context:  Cairns
Notes:  The stone row may have originally extended from the cairn at SX 63152 62871, but is more likely to have led from SX 63233 62584. The southern part of the row is composed of large fallen slabs and the southern end is denoted by a circle of stones which may represent the remnants of a cairn.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: Yes

Identification

Category: Plausible. No doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row.


Photographs

Stalldown

This impressive stone row includes large numbers of large orthostats.

WPDSCF3023 Stalldown

Dartmoor rows consisting mainly of large slabs are relatively uncommon.

Stalldown

Compared with most rows on Dartmoor the Stalldown alignment makes an architectural statement.

Stalldown

Most of the Stalldown row stones are greater than 1m high (Scale 1m).

Stalldown

The amount of effort to raise the Stalldown row was considerable.

Stalldown WPP1070238

The row ascending the south facing slope. View from the south.

Stalldown WPP1070250

The southern part of the row has extensive views over South Devon and the sea beyond.

Stalldown WPP1070219

Row leading down the south facing slope. View from the north.

Stalldown WPP1070247

The row is far from straight and its sinuous character makes any astronomical function unlikely.

Stalldown WPP1110411

The sinuous character of the row is apparent in this view looking along the row from the south.

Stalldown WPP1110412

The row curves considerably to the right (west) at this point.

Stalldown WPP1070244

In common with most Dartmoor rows the Stalldown alignment is not straight. Being straight was clearly not seen as a necessity. 

Stalldown WPP1070165

The southern length of the row survives as a line of large recumbent slabs. View from south.

Stalldown WPP1070170

Curving line of large recumbent slabs leading towards the extant length of the row. View from south.

Stalldown WPP1070189

Recumbent slabs in the foreground with extant row curving over the brow of the hill. View from south.

Stalldown WPP1110401

Line of recumbent slabs forming the southern end of the row. View from south.

Stalldown WPP1110389

Circle of stones at the southern end of the row may represent the remains of a kerbed cairn.

Stalldown WPP1070260

A number of buried and partly buried slabs lie in a line between the northernmost extant stone and the cairn at  SX 63152 62871. These may have once formed part of the row and if so the row would have originally been 1082m long. 

Stalldown WPP1070264

A band of scorched grass probably indicates the position of a buried stone slab.

Stalldown

Kerbed cairn next to the row. View from the north (Scale 1m).

Stalldown WPP1110416Kerbed cairn adjacent to the row. Whilst the southern part of the row passes close to the left (west) the northern length of the row is seemingly aligned on the cairn.  This might be seen to indicate the presence of two separate rows, although Worth claimed that the northern stones were misplaced during restoration works and would have originally formed part of the row leading past the cairn. View from the south.

 

Stalldown WPP1110420

Kerbed cairn at SX 63212 62510 is surrounded by a circle of stones. The stone row is visible in the background. View from north west.

Stalldown WPP1110422

Kerbed cairn, circle of stones and stone row. Cairns are often found in close association with stone alignments. View from west.

Stalldown

This stone seems to be standing upside down as it tapers towards the ground rather than upwards as usual. This may have been a mistake during restoration works although the possibility of it being an original feature cannot be discounted.

Stalldown WPP1110405

Many stones may have been cut up and removed. Sometime before 1800 stone cutters targeted this recumbent slab and started the process of splitting it. Fortunately they abandoned the venture before completion.

 

Stalldown WPP1110427

 In common with many stone alignments various reveals open up as you walk along the row. Walking from north to south the extensive views of South Devon, various cairns and the sea are revealed. Walking northward the reveal is no less dramatic with large parts of Dartmoor together with the long Erme Valley row coming into sight when the hill summit is reached. View from the north looking along the row.  

Access Information

When visited in 2013 car parking was available at SX 62524 61120. Recently (2016) this car parking area has been closed making it much more difficult to access this part of the moor. The alternative car parking location is at SX 64342 59548. From here the easiest way to reach the row is probably to head north alongside the River Erme which will need to be crossed at some point. A decent map and reliable GPS will be essential.


Online Resources 

Megalithic Portal     Modern Antiquarian     PastScape     Historic Environment Record

Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor     Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks   Dartmoor Stone Rows and Ting

Other References

Burl, A., 1993, From Carnac to Callanish – The prehistoric rows and avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale University Press, New York and London, pg. 215.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 4 – The South-East, Devon Books Exeter, pgs. 60-62.

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