Leeden Tor

Looking south eastward along the row.

A single stone row measuring 317m long, including 31 mainly medium-sized stones situated on an east facing slope with restricted views and reveals that include a glimpse of the sea.  The row is orientated ESE to WNW, leads downslope from a large standing stone and passes a small cairn. Later reaves have been built across the row and there are several other stone rows, cairns and prehistoric settlements in the vicinity.

Location

England     Devon     Dartmoor     SX 56418 71535     Lat 50.525863   Long -4.027079 

Map showing the location of Leeden Tor stone row.

Map showing the position of the Leeden Tor stone row relative to the Stanlake and Hart Tor rows.

Simplified plan of the Leeden Tor stone row.  Upright stones shown black and fallen ones green.  The cairn associated with the row underlies a later reave and another passes across the row. (Source: Butler, J., 1994, 50).

Updated plan of Leeden Tor stone row showing the probable extension to the north west (Source: 1:500 survey by Sandy Gerrard).

Map showing the position of Leeden Tor, other stone rows and sites. 

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 317m
No. of stones: 31 Size of stones: Large and medium only
Orientation: 109° Altitude: 370m
Upper end: Pillar Lower end: –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context:  Reave, prehistoric settlement and cairns
Notes: Fieldwork in 2020 identified further stones which probably form part of this stone row which now terminates at a standing stone rather than the cairn described previously and in other sources. This page has been updated with this fresh information but earlier plans have been retained. There are large numbers of earthfast slabs in this area and future work may confirm or refute this suggested extension.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: Yes

Identification

Category: Plausible. No substantiated doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row. The row is however not depicted on Ordnance Survey which may imply that they do not believe it to be genuine.


Typology

This stone row is of Type S10. Information on this form of stone row and other rows of this type is available here.


Individual Stones

Plan showing the position of the numbered stones.

Stone 1 is recumbent, measures 0.76m long, 0.60m wide, stands up to 0.33m high and is orientated at 100°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 2 is recumbent, measures 0.50m long, 0.45m wide, stands up to 0.17m high and is orientated at 64°. View from south east (Scale 1m).

Stone 3 is recumbent, measures 0.50m long, 0.50m wide, stands up to 0.28m high and is orientated at 10°. View from south (Scale 1m).

Stone 4 is recumbent, measures 0.95m long, 0.44m wide, stands up to 0.27m high and is orientated at 165°. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 5 is edge set, measures 0.64m long, 0.18m wide, stands up to 0.27m high and is orientated at 90°. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 6 is edge set, measures 0.43m long, 0.20m wide, stands up to 0.15m high and is orientated at 125°. View from north with stone 5 on the left (Scale 1m).

Stone 7 is leaning to the east, measures 0.70m long, 0.20m wide, stands up to 0.35m high and is orientated at 171°. View from south (Scale 1m).

Stone 8 is upright, measures 0.50m long, 0.21m wide, stands up to 0.57m high and is orientated at 82°. View from west with stone 7 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 9 is upright, measures 0.40m long, 0.3m wide, stands up to 0.50m high and is orientated at 135°. View from south (Scale 1m).

Stone 10 is recumbent, measures 0.87m long, 0.50m wide, stands up to 0.19m high and is orientated at 105°. There are two possible propping stones next to this slab. View from north (Scale 1m).

Stone 11 is edge set, measures 0.87m long, 0.44m wide, stands up to 0.63m high and is orientated at 165°. View from east with stones 12 and 13 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 12 is recumbent, measures 1.05m long, 0.68m wide, stands up to 0.15m high and is orientated at 78°. Small stone beside may be a propping stone. View from west with stone 11 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 13 is recumbent, measures 1.00m long, 0.47m wide, stands up to 0.18m high and is orientated at 172°. View from west with stones 12 and 11 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 14 is edge set, measures 1.40m long, 0.26m wide, stands up to 0.45m high and is orientated at 46°. View from south west (Scale 1m).

Stone 15 has been removed leaving behind a  1m long by 0.4m wide, 0.25m deep hollow orientated at 115°. View from south east (Scale 1m).

Stone 16 is recumbent, measures 0.73m long, 0.40m wide, stands up to 0.18m high and is orientated at 108°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 17 is recumbent, measures 1.34m long, 0.70m wide, stands up to 0.08m high and is orientated at 10°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 18 is recumbent, measures 0.50m long, 0.30m wide, stands up to 0.28m high and is orientated at 97°. Hollow to the south may be the original socket hole. View from south west (Scale 1m).

Stone 19 is recumbent, measures 0.86m long, 0.57m wide, stands up to 0.23m high and is orientated at 96°. View from west with stone 18 in the background (Scale 1m).

Stone 20 is recumbent, measures 0.84m long, 0.51m wide, stands up to 0.32m high and is orientated at 10°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 21 is recumbent, measures 1m long, 0.46m wide, stands up to 0.17m high and is orientated at 105°. Three stones nearby may be propping stones or more likely dumping. The mound in the background is a cairn. View from north (Scale 1m).

Stone 22 is recumbent, measures 0.68m long, 0.36m wide, stands up to 0.27m high and is orientated at 72°. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 23 is recumbent, measures 0.56m long, 0.37m wide, stands up to 0.12m high and is orientated at 76°. View from south west (Scale 1m).

Stone 24 is recumbent, measures 0.56m long, 0.40m wide, stands up to 0.12m high and is orientated at 40°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 25 is recumbent, measures 1.07m long, 0.32m wide, stands up to 0.10m high and is orientated at 38°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 26 is recumbent, measures 1.50m long, 0.66m wide, stands up to 0.22m high and is orientated at 128°. This stone could be natural. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 27 is recumbent, measures 0.71m long, 0.37m wide, stands up to 0.05m high and is orientated at 118°. View from east (Scale 1m).

Stone 28 is recumbent, measures 1.2m long, 0.65m wide, stands up to 0.25m high and is orientated at 119°. View from south east (Scale 1m).

Stone 29 is recumbent, measures 0.76m long, 0.25m wide, stands up to 0.12m high and is orientated at 50°. View from south (Scale 1m).

Stone 30 is recumbent, measures 1.10m long, 0.44m wide, stands up to 0.24m high and is orientated at 60°. View from west (Scale 1m).

Stone 31 is upright, measures 0.90m long, 0.46m wide, stands up to 1m high and is orientated at 32°. View from north (Scale 1m).

Photographs

Looking south eastward along the eastern length of the row (29 April 2013).

The eastern length of the alignment. View from west (13 May 2015).

The row leading up the hillside. View from the south east (13 May 2015).

The cairn beside the row. View from above and the east (13 May 2015).

Looking eastward along the row following vegetation clearance (13 May 2015).

Access Information

Car parking is available at SX 56728 71395. From here walk a short distance north west up the slope.


Online Resources 

Megalithic Portal     PastScape     Historic Environment Record

Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor     Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks     Sea Views

Other References

Burl, A., 1993, From Carnac to Callanish – The prehistoric rows and avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale University Press, New York and London, pg. 215.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 3 – The South-West, Devon Books Exeter, pg. 50.


Timeline

VISITED:- 29th April 2013, 13th May 2015 and 23rd July 2020.

FIRST PUBLISHED:- 24th January 2016

LAST UPDATED:- 22nd November 2020

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