Butterdon East

Central stone with western stone in the background. View from north east (Scale 1m).

Location

England     Devon     Dartmoor     SX 65833 59180     Lat 50.417117    Long -3.8898427

 

Plan of Butterdon, East stone row. Source: Butler, J., 1997, 216.

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 55m
No. of stones: 3 Size of stones: Large
Orientation: 64° Altitude: 356m
Upper end: – Lower end:  –
Straight (Yes or No)  : ? Sea View: Yes
Context: Stone row,cairn,cist and prehistoric settlement
Notes:  The broken stump of the central stone survives next to a fragment and the other two stones are recumbent. When standing these would have been amongst the tallest standing stones on Dartmoor.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: No

Identification

Category: Plausible. A stone row interpretation is consistent with the evidence. The only concern previously expressed relates to the substantial size of the fallen end stones and whilst they would indeed have been the tallest stones on prehistoric Dartmoor, larger stones are known elsewhere. Stones around the southern end of the western stone could be the remains of packing stones.

Photographs

Western stone. Traces of a trench around the edge of the stone are clearly visible. View from south (Scale 1m).

Western stone. View from the west (Scale 1m).

Western stone stands up to 0.6m above the ground surface and measures 6m long by 2m wide. View from north west (Scale 1m). 

Western stone. When erect this stone would have probably been just over 5m high. This is considerably shorter than the surviving stones at  Devil’s Arrows  in North Yorkshire. View from north (Scale 1m).

The central stone includes a 0.24m high set stump (behind ranging rod) and a recumbent fragment. View from west (Scale 1m). The row appears to be aligned on the distinctive Brent Hill. 

Eastern stone. A substantial fallen pillar measuring 5m long stands up to 0.56m above the surrounding ground. View from west (Scale 1m). 

Eastern stone. View from south west (Scale 1m).

Eastern stone. View from west (Scale 1m).

A large cairn on Butterdon hill appears on the skyline viewed from the row. 

Nearby at SX 65795 59332 is a stone cist. The Butterdon East stone row is very different in character to the others in the vivinity but stands within a landscape rich in prehistoric archaeology.

Access Information

Car parking is available at SX 64338 59550. Follow the bridleway heading east for 1.4km then head south. There is plenty to see in this area.

Online Resources

PastScape     Historic Environment Record     Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor


Other References

Butler, J., 1997, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 5 – The Second Millennium B.C., Devon Books, Tiverton

 

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