Butterbrook 2

This row is composed almost entirely of small stones barely protruding through the turf (Scale 1m). View from north with Hangershell Rock and Butterdon Hill cairns on the skyline.

A single stone row measuring 118.7m long, including at least 33 small and medium-sized stones situated immediately next to another stone row on a south facing valley slope. The row is orientated north east to south west and is butted by a second row. Another way of looking at this site is that it forms part of a multiple row that shrinks to a single row somewhat reminiscent of the situation at Learable Hill 1.  The row has definable visual links with the sea and a number of nearby cairns.

Location

England Devon Dartmoor SX 65216 60041 Lat 50.424649   Long –3.898892

Map showing the location of Butterbrook 2 stone row.

Simplified plan of the Butterbrook stone alignments. Row 2 is shown black. Butler believes the stones shown green form part of the row, but there are a lot of stones this size in the area and they are very different to those forming the row further south.  (Source: Butler, J., 1993 and GPS Survey by Sandy Gerrard).

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 118.7m
No. of stones: 33 Size of stones: Small and medium
Orientation: 36° Altitude: 319m
Upper end: – Lower end:  –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context: Stone alignment
Notes: Butler believes that the line of large stones leading between SX 65234 60077 and SX 65262 60109 formed part of this stone row.  However on balance this seems at best uncertain because the stones are different in character to the others forming the row and there are many similar natural stones in the vicinity. Until further work is carried out it would be best to consider this extension as uncertain at best.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: No

Identification

Category: Plausible. No doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row.


Typology

This stone row is of Type S10. Information on this form of stone row and other rows of this type is available here.


Photographs

29th August 2019

Much of the row is obscured by dense gorse. At this point a few stones can be seen. View from north east (Scale 1m).

Three stone forming part of the row at SX 65175 59976. View from west (Scale 1m).

Tiny stones barely protruding through the turf at SX 65211 60032. View from west (Scale 1m).

A line of recumbent slabs at SX 65248 60094 are considered by Butler to represent a continuation of the stone row.  However, there are large numbers of similar stones in the vicinity and these stones are more likely to have been placed by periglacial action. View from the east.

Landscape Comment

As well as the Butterdon Hill cairns being visible on the skyline there is a rather impressive “closed sea triangle” formed by Plymouth Sound. This type of visual link is commonplace at stone rows and its frequency is powerful circumstantial evidence that the rows were deliberately positioned to incorporate these special visual treats.

From the upper end of the row a sea triangle and Penlee Point promontory are clearly visible.

Access Information

Car parking is available at SX 64338 59550. Follow the bridleway heading east for 850m. The row is a short distance to the north of the bridleway.


Online Resources

Megalithic Portal     PastScape     Historic Environment Record

Prehistoric Monuments of Dartmoor     Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks

Other References

Burl, A., 1993, From Carnac to Callanish – The prehistoric rows and avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale University Press, New York and London, pg. 215.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities – Vol. 4 – The South-East, Devon Books Exeter, pgs. 32-33.


Timeline

VISITED:- 25th April 2013 and 29th August 2019

FIRST PUBLISHED:- 15th January 2016

LAST UPDATED:- 10th October 2019

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