Careg Lwyd 2

Looking north along the row.

A probable single stone row measuring at least 42m long, including 60 mainly small and some medium-sized recumbent stones situated on a gentle west facing slope with extremely restricted views of the sea and Hartland Point.  The northern length of the row has been exposed by peat erosion and a shift in orientation coincides with an adjacent rock outcrop which blocks views from parts of the row. The row is orientated NNW to SSE and there is another stone row in the vicinity.

Location

Wales     Powys     Brecon Beacons     SN 86293 15186     Lat 51.82364858    Long -3.651299

Map showing the location of Careg Lwyd 2 stone row.

Plan showing the position of Careg Lwyd stone row in relation to Row 1 (Source: GPS survey by Sandy Gerrard).

Plan of Careg Lwyd 2 stone row. Stones shown black were visible at the time of the survey and those shown green were hidden by vegetation and located by prodding (Source: survey at 1:200 by Sandy Gerrard and Pete Francis). 

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 42m
No. of stones: 60 Size of stones: Small and medium
Orientation: 165° Altitude: 456m
Upper end: – Lower end: –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context:  – Stone row
Notes: This row of stones was found by Toby Dryden and brought to my attention by Pete Francis who showed me the site and helped with the survey.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: National Park
Scheduled Ancient Monument: No

Identification

Category: Probable. This line of horizontal slabs is of considerable antiquity. The northernmost slab was until recently embedded deeply within the peat at a depth of about 40cms. This position indicates that the stones were not positioned in recent years and whilst without environmental work it is not possible to say anymore about the date, a prehistoric origin is possible. All the slabs are now recumbent, but they may have originally stood upright. The row is not precisely straight, but rows composed of smaller stones are rarely straight and the amount of deviation at 30° is within the recognised limits for stone rows of this type, although it is towards the upper end of what might be considered acceptable. The row is situated close to another row which enhances the probability that it is a prehistoric stone row, but perhaps of more interest is its visual links with nearby landmarks and more pertinently Hartland Point in Devon. Finally, the row is similar in appearance to the central length of the Bancbryn row where the stones had been placed relatively closely together. Taken together these characteristics suggest that this is probably a prehistoric stone row, because this interpretation best fits the available evidence. Future work might alter this conclusion, but for the moment a stone row explanation seems the most probable.


Typology

This stone row is of Type S10. Information on this form of stone row and other rows of this type is available here.


Photographs

A large slab about 40cms below the surface indicates that these stones are likely to be have been “placed” here in antiquity. View from south © Pete Francis.

The stones look like recently placed stepping stones.  Two pieces of evidence refute this interpretation. First, the considerable depth of the stones within the peat indicate that they are not recent and second the stones continue onto solid ground where stepping stones would have been superfluous. © Pete Francis.

Compared to other stones in the vicinity, those in the row are slabs which have clearly been selected. View from north © Pete Francis.

Looking northward along the row. The far ranging rod denotes the position of the last known stone. Others may survive in the peat hag beyond. Several stones are visible in front of the near ranging rod (Scales 1m).

View from south. Only small lengths of the row are currently visible (Scales 1m).

The row denotes the eastern edge of a small outcrop. Fan Hir is the prominent mountain in the far distance. View from above and south (Scales 1m).

The southern end of the row is denoted by the near ranging rod. View from south  (Scales 1m).

The row is reminiscent of the length of the Bancbryn row where the stones were placed relatively close together. View from the south (Scales 1m).

Since Pete Francis first photographed the northern stone it has fallen out of the peat hag.  This implies that erosion is continuing. View from south (Scale 1m).

The row adjacent to the outcrop. View from the south west (Scale 1m).

Landscape Reveals

The proximity of the rock outcrop and the sloping nature of the ground produces at least two potentially significant reveals. The weather at the time of the visit was not kind and the visibility was not good. However, it is clear that the row is built across the line of visibility to the prominent mountain Fan Hir. This mountain is visible along most of the row disappearing only as the northern end is reached.

Midway along the row Fan Hir is clearly visible.

As you proceed along Fan Hir disappears behind rising ground.

A short distance form the northern end it is being swallowed up.

Finally disappearing as the end is reached.

The second visual link of potential significance is with Hartland Point in North Devon. At the time of the visit poor visibility meant that it was not possible to assess this visual link but both Google Earth and Heywhatsthat indicate that a very restricted view of the Bristol Channel and Hartland Point beyond should be available.  The notch through which this view is obtained was visible at the time of the visit and it was therefore possible to confirm that the row had been built across the line of visibility to Hartland Point. Hartland Point is visible from southern end of the row until about just after half way when the rock outcrop blocks the view. It is perhaps worth mentioning that the other row (Bancbryn) where a visual relationship with Hartland Point has been identified is also inter-visible with this row. The similarities in the forms of both rows may be both significant and informative indicating a shared purpose as well as architecture.

Enhanced image from Google Earth showing the view from the southern length of the row. A narrow gap in the surrounding hills provides a tantalising glimpse towards the Bristol Channel and Hartland Point beyond. It is very unlikely that this is a coincidence and instead is further evidence that Hartland Point was special to the people living on the northern side of the Bristol Channel. This detail alone provides an insight into what was important to the row builders.


Access Information

Car parking is available at SN 85567 15530. From here walk north east along the waymarked path to SN 86267 15799. Head south east up the hill for about 400m. You will need a map and or GPS device and stout footwear.  The terrain is particularly tough and care needs to be taken.  This site is best visited at the same time as Careg Lwyd 1.


Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Pete Francis for bringing this site to my attention, for taking the time to show me it and helping with the survey.


Timeline

VISITED:- 23rd March 2018

FIRST PUBLISHED:- 24th March 2018

LAST UPDATED:- 17th January 2019

%d bloggers like this: