Trehudreth Downs

Looking west along the western length of the stone row (Scale 1m).

Location

England     Cornwall     Bodmin Moor     SX 12896 73082     Lat 50.527496     Long -4.6412636

Simplified plan of the Trehudreth Downs stone alignment (Source: Johnson, N. and Rose, P., 1994, 32).

Characteristics

Type: Single Length: 460m
No. of stones: 24 Size of stones: Large, medium and small
Orientation: 73° Altitude: 263m
Upper end: Pillar Lower end: –
Straight (Yes or No)  : No Sea View: Yes
Context:  Cairns, standing stone or stone pair and stone setting
Notes: 24 stones were recorded by Johnson and Rose but only 21 were identified during the field visit in 2018.

Other Information

Public Access:  Yes
Land Status: AONB
Scheduled Ancient Monument: No

Identification

Category: Plausible. No doubts have been expressed regarding the prehistoric interpretation of this row.


Photographs

Looking ENE along the western length of the row (Scale 1m). In common with all long rows the Trehudreth stone row is far from straight.

The western length of the row. View from the west (Scale 1m).


Individual Stones

The stones identified during fieldwork on a bracing day in February 2018 are shown (where possible) and described below. Grid references for each stone are provided. The stones are presented from east to west with the first one being the recumbent pillar at the top.

Stone 1 (SX 12896 73082) measures 1.82m long, 0.55m wide, 0.20m high and is orientated at 292°. The position of stone 2 is shown by the second ranging rod and the figure is standing next to another stone forming part of the row (Scales 1m). 

Stone 2 (SX 12891 73083) measures 0.26m long, 0.25m wide and 0.10m high. The stone is covered in vegetation and it was not possible to establish its orientation. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 3 (Scales 1m). The stone in the background is a post-medieval boundary marker.

Stone 3 (SX 12884 73081) measures 0.73m long, 0.37m wide, 0.38m high and is orientated at 245°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 4 (Scales 1m).

Stone 4 (SX 12873 73080) measures 0.61m long, 0.53m wide, 0.18m high and is orientated at 250°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 5 (Scales 1m).

Stone 5 (SX 12870 73078) measures 0.50m long, 0.40m wide, 0.23m high and is orientated at 5°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 6 (Scales 1m).

Stone 6 (SX 12864 73077) measures 0.90m long, 0.45m wide, 0.15m high and is orientated at 305°. Covered in gorse. The ranging rods are positioned at either end of the stone (Scales 1m).

Stone 7 (SX 12855 73073) measures 0.71m long, 0.38m wide, 0.35m high and is orientated at 215°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 8 (Scales 1m).

Stone 8 (SX 12847 73072) measures 0.70m long, 0.30m wide, 0.32m high and is orientated at 265°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 8 (Scales 1m).

Stone 9 (SX 12841 73070) measures 0.76m long, 0.24m wide, 0.12m high and is orientated at 275°. The second ranging rod stands beside stone 10 (Scales 1m).

Stone 10 (SX 12837 73067) measures 0.54m long, 0.35m wide, 0.30m high and is orientated at 335°.

Stone 11 (SX 12803 73044). This stone is covered in thick gorse and it was not possible to determine its size.

Stone 12 (SX 12506 72969) This stone is covered in thick gorse and it was not possible to determine its size.

Stone 13 (SX 12499 72967) measures 0.64m long, 0.58m wide, 0.17m high and is orientated at 140°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 14 (SX 12489 72964) measures 0.27m long, 0.12m wide, 0.38m high and is orientated at 72°.

Stone 15 (SX 12485 72964) measures 0.66m long, 0.47m wide, 0.34m high and is orientated at 67°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 16 (SX 12481 72961) measures 0.28m long, 0.24m wide, 0.50m high and is orientated at 135°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 17 (SX 12476 72960) measures 0.38m long, 0.30m wide, 0.10m high and is orientated at 160°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 18 (SX 12970 72956) measures 0.58m long, 0.40m wide, 0.54m high and is orientated at 75°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 19 (SX 12464 72955) measures 0.95m long, 0.60m wide, 0.37m high and is orientated at 65°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 20 (SX 12460 72951) measures 0.80m long, 0.27m wide, 0.16m high and is orientated at 20°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

Stone 21 (SX 12446 72947) measures 0.40m long, 0.11m wide, 0.11m high and is orientated at 340°. The second ranging rod is standing beside stone 12 (Scales 1m).

 

Landscape Reveals

The stone row on Trehudreth Downs shares an identical reveal to the row at Leskernick.  Just as you reach the upper end of the row Brown Gelly which up to that point is hidden behind rising ground suddenly appears. Brown Gelly is a unremarkable hill on Bodmin Moor apart from the fact that it has several large cairns on its summit.  The presence of these cairns makes it locally distinctive. All but one of the stone rows on Bodmin Moor have a view of Brown Gelly along part or all of their length. The exception at Buttern Hill lies just beyond the area of inter-visibilty and this position may also be of significance. The visual relationships between the various stone rows and Brown Gelly is further powerful evidence that the stone rows were carefully positioned within the landscape to provide particular and therefore presumably special visual links to significant places.

When walking up the row views of Brown Gelly are restricted by rising ground. It is only when you reach stone 2 that it suddenly appears above the near horizon.

As you walk up the row a cairn on Greenbarrow Downs at SX 13042 73024 appears to emerge from the ground. View from stone 2 on the row.

A second cairn at SX 12995 72947 is very prominent when viewed from stone 2.

The cairn at SX 13042 73024 is visible from the upper length of the row.

The cairn at SX 12995 72947 is also not visible from the lower length of the row.

Nearby Standing Stone 

 A standing stone at SX 12433 72823 may once have formed part of a stone pair, although the stone on the right may be entirely natural. This stone can be seen from the row and is probably broadly contemporary with it.

Acknowledgements

Help with the fieldwork was provided by Janet Daynes and Gordon Fisher.

Online Resources 

Megalithic Portal     Modern Antiquarian     PastScape    Historic Environment Record

Other References

Burl, A., 1993, From Carnac to Callanish – The prehistoric rows and avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany, Yale University Press, New York and London, pg. 214.

Johnson, N. and Rose, P., 1994, Bodmin Moor – An archaeological survey Volume 1: The human landscape to c 1800, English Heritage and RCHME, pg. 32.

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