Welcome to this resource about the prehistoric stone rows of Great Britain.
In January 2012 a previously unrecorded alignment of stones was identified on the southern slope of Bancbryn, Carmarthenshire. Subsequent research has indicated that this stone alignment shares many characteristics with examples in South West England, but one particular aspect – a specific and pronounced visual link to the sea and a coastal headland – apparently had no English parallels. Preliminary research has revealed that this is not the case and that many of the Dartmoor rows have been specifically positioned and orientated taking often precise cognisance of the local topography to create tangible visual links with the sea.
Following the publication of a series of articles discussing this phenomenon on the Heritage Journal blog over the past couple of years, which suggested a common ‘landscape treat’ identified on many stone rows on Dartmoor and elsewhere, it was decided to create this web site as a permanent focussed home for the work being carried out by Dr Sandy Gerrard. He continues to investigate and document these alignments and over time is working to build a compelling body of evidence to support the hypothesis that many stone alignments represent special way-marked routes which were designed to provide the “traveller” with extraordinary visual treats. In turn it is hoped that this discovery may provide fresh insights into the character of Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age society.
The Gazetteer has been created using a variety of sources. Sometimes the information is contradictory, not readily available or plain inaccurate. Wherever possible judgement has been used to provide the most accurate information but mistakes inevitably occur. Differences of fact, opinion and interpretation abound within the literature and this gazetteer can therefore only reflect current understanding. This means that it will be updated as fresh information is uncovered and over time with the help of its users it is hoped a really useful resource can be created. Enhancements will be carried out on a regular basis. New discoveries will be added and sites removed if the evidence justifies this action and therefore over time this resource should become increasingly useful. Constructive comments are always welcome and where these results in changes the contributor will always be gratefully acknowledged. Together we should be able to create a useful resource for all those interested in stone alignments. Please free to get in touch using the contact button.
Details on how to get to the rows is slowly being added to the Gazetteer. This information is only available for those rows that have been visited and should be treated as guidance only and certainly not as proving a right of way or any other rights. Visitors are recomended to purchase a detailed map of the area and use this to find the rows. Most rows benefit from public access, but some are on private land and permission to visit those rows should always be sought. Every effort has been made to ensure that the access information in the Gazetteer is as accurate as possible but things change and car parking areas in particular may be removed or moved. If unsure it is always best to ask locally.
As well as the Gazetteer this web site is intended to act as a focus for stone alignment research. Articles on different aspects will be published on a regular basis. These are intended to engender discussion and encourage further research. Articles on stone alignment studies are welcomed and if you would like to contribute the results of your own research please do not hesitate to contact us.
The research articles were as far as possible correct at the time of publication, but inevitably as research continues, sites are visited and fresh sources are uncovered they need to be updated. The last update was at the end of 2016 and the next revision is planned for the end of 2017. Apologies for the occassional contradiction that this process causes.
Finally, the terms stone alignment and stone row seem to be largely interchangeable. Both terms refer to the same type of archaeology and both have been used without any particular intent throughout. This can be confusing but whilst there is no consensus on which term should be applied both remain equally valid.
Distribution of prehistoric stone alignments in England, Wales and Scotland. Click on top right symbol to open a larger version.